Research Forum 2013

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The Research Forum was held on the first day of the 2013 Bushfire CRC and AFAC annual conference in Melbourne, on 2 September.

This forum connected researchers and emergency management personnel with presentations and discussion on the latest research.

Full papers are available individually under the Other Resources heading below, while the complete collection can be downloaded as one document at the bottom right, under Downloads.

News from the Event

AFAC 2013 Conference Logo
The formal proceedings of the Research Forum, held as part of the 2013 Bushfire CRC and AFAC Conference in Melbourne are now available.
Decade of fire science on show at Research Forum
The latest in fire science from around Australia and the world will be showcased at the Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre’s Research Forum in Melbourne today, Monday 2 September.
Research Forum - Perth
The latest in fire science from around Australia and internationally will be showcased at this year’s Research Forum, which kicks off the AFAC and Bushfire CRC annual conference in Melbourne on 2 September.

Other Resources

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

This paper is part of a larger research project investigating people’s perception of the bushfire risk of their own property. It analyses the 46 survey responses from residents living in Mount Wilson and Pretty Beach, NSW, Australia. It looks at two issues: resident’s perception of the bushfire risk of their local area and their own...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

Given the serious risk that bushfire poses to Australian communities, an understanding of how people mobilise social networks as resources for dealing with the threat of bushfire is crucial. Social networks as an object of study constitute the pathways through which people offer and obtain information, forge relationships and engage...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

Depending on the growth stage of grass, certain physiological characteristics, such as water content and degree of curing (senescence), determine the susceptibility of grass to ignite or to propagate a fire. Grassland curing is an integral component of the Grassland Fire Danger Index (GFDI), which is used to determine the Fire Danger...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

Bushfire behaviour is well known to be sensitive to the weather. What is less well appreciated is that the behaviour is affected by all scales of atmospheric behaviour, from the large-scale and long-term (drought), through the medium-scale (weather systems such as fronts and wind changes) to the small-scale (short-term fluctuations...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

When it comes to preparing for bushfires, not all residents prepare to the same extent. In addition, they differ in the way they intend to respond to a fire threat. Results from a pilot study (Dunlop et al. 2012a, 2012b) suggest that differences in such intended fire responses may be related to differences in levels of preparedness ...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

Bushfire risk mitigation measures have become increasingly integrated into the responsibilities held by planning professionals, and this is indicative of a broader trend of emergency management responsibilities being formally adopted by other sectors. This paper considers how the integration of bushfire risk into urban and regional...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

Foehn winds, known locally as the "Canterbury Northwester", occurred on 6 February 2011 and were associated with extreme fire weather in the lee of the Southern Alps and across the eastern South Island of New Zealand. A peak air temperature of 40.7˚C was recorded at Timaru, which compares with the national record of 42.4˚C set at...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

The idea that a fire ‘creates its own weather’ is supported by observations from fire grounds and results from idealised numerical simulations. We have simulated two Australian bushfires where unexpected fire behaviour occurred, using the coupled fireatmosphere model WRF-fire. The results present new evidence of dynamical...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

This research investigates the relationship between firefighters and landscape, and considers how ideas about the location of a fire can affect firework. In 2012, interviews were conducted with 68 Australian bushfire firefighters from selected agencies and volunteer brigades in contrasting localities: the north-east coast of Tasmania...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

Lack of agreement over a heatwave definition has impeded spatial and temporal analysis of events within Australia and with comparable locations internationally. Given that heatwaves impact all natural and human engineered systems in a similar manner it seems logical to derive a measure that permits this form of analysis so that ...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

Managing the frequency and intensity of planned burning in forests to reduce the risk of uncontrolled wildfire as well as maximize long-term carbon storage in biomass and soil is wholly dependent on a good understanding of the impacts of burning, across a range of intensities, on forest carbon density and carbon emissions to the...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

The estimation of fire behaviour is an important component of any fire management approach, allowing the determination of the impacts of fire on ecosystem components, public safety and warnings, and supporting bushfire management decision-making. Fire behaviour prediction combines quantitative and qualitative information based on ...

The full proceedings from the 2013 Research Forum are now available. Held as part of the annual conference in Melbourne, the Research Forum focuses on the delivery of research findings across different disciplines for emergency management personnel who need to use this knowledge for their daily work.

A key part of the conference, the Research Forum highlights the diversity of research being conducted across the...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

As part of The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research’s contribution to the Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre’s Fire Impact and Risk Evaluation – Decision Support Tool project, high-resolution and very-high-resolution simulations of the meteorology across the Lower Eyre Peninsula (LEP) in South Australia on 11 January...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

The coordination of very large, complex, long duration, and multi-agency emergencies (what we refer to as out-of-scale events here) requires that teams form and work together quickly and effectively. In addition to the pressures of dealing with the emergency at the incident management team level and above emergency management teams...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

Hazard-reduction burning is an important component of the bushfire mitigation program in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Burning is particularly important in grass fuels at locations that are unsuitable for slashing/mowing or grazing. Ideally grass fuels are burnt in spring however this work is constrained by weather,...

This is a paper presented at the 2013 Bushfire CRC Research Forum.

In Australia, householders can stay and defend their properties during a bushfire if the household is adequately prepared. State (and territory) fire agencies have provided householders with checklists of desirable preparatory actions, including property preparation, judging ability of individuals, and acquiring equipment and...

Research Stream Presentations

Keynotes
CRC Author Author Download
Do CRCs make a difference?
Stefan Hajkowicz Our Future World - Global Megatrends That Will Chnage The Way We Live
Stream 1 - Block 1
CRC Author Author Download
Alex Chen An Automated Operational System for Collating Field and Satellite Data for Grassland Curing Assessment
Lucinda Coates Extreme heat in Australia 1788-2010: who is at risk, how best to respond?
Dr John Nairn Heatwaves Defined as a Heat Impact Event for All Community and Emergency Sector in Australia
Stream 1 - Block 2
CRC Author Author Download
Dr Michael Borgas Peak Toxic Exposure from Burning Clusters of House
The Exposure of Emergency Service Personnel to Asbestos
Stream 1 - Block 3
CRC Author Author Download
Winter Hazard Reduction Burning Reduces the Fuel Load in Kangaroo Grass and Phalaris in the Following Summer in the Australian Capital Territory
Stream 2 - Block 1
CRC Author Author Download
Applications of Very High Resolution Atmospheric Modelling for Bushfires
Assessment of Fire Weather During A Foehn Event in South Island, New Zealand
Yaping He How should future building structure and emergency response cope with bushfire attacks?
Stream 2 - Block 2
CRC Author Author Download
Anne Black From Theory to Practicality: High Reliability Organizing (HRO) in wildland fire management
The Problems of Maintaining Effective Teamwork During Out - of - Scale Events
Stream 2 - Block 3
CRC Author Author Download
National Fire Behaviour Knowledge Base - Brining Together the Best Information for the Best Decisions
Dr Musa Kilinc On the need for a Bushfire metric that represents the Bushfire Hazard
Stream 3 - Block 1
CRC Author Author Download
Martin CopeSunhee Lee Assessing the Population Exposure of Regional Population to Smoke from Fires
FireDST: Probabilistic Simulation of Fire Spread and Impact
Brett Cirulis From Phoenix Rapidfire to FireDST: Probabilistic Fire Spread and Impact
Stream 3 - Block 2
CRC Author Author Download
Modelling the Fire Weather of the Eyre Peninsula Fire of January 2005
Stream 3 - Block 3
CRC Author Author Download
Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC: Shaping a Research Centre
Bushfire CRC to the Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC - A Journey in Two Parts
Stream 4 - Block 1
CRC Author Author Download
Lisa GibbsElizabeth WatersRichard BryantPhilippa PattisonDavid ForbesLouise HarmsDean LusherColin MacDougallKaren BlockColin GallagherElyse Snowdon Beyond Bushfires: Understanding the Ongoing Impacts of a Disaster Experience
Firefighting the ‘Paradox of Place’ – The Risks and Dilemmas Associated with Knowing the Fire Landscape
Stream 4 - Block 2
CRC Author Author Download
How Do Residents in Bushfire Prone Areas View the Risk of their Homes?
Stream 4 - Block 3
CRC Author Author Download
Acknowledging structural variances of communities to aid in communicating risk information
Are You Ready? Ready for What? – Identifying Under- Preparedness by Residents of Bushfire Prone Areas
Bryan Boruff “Should I Stay or Should I Go Now?” Defining the Preparatory Conditions in Support of Active Defence for Different Fire Danger Ratings